FX Weekly Recap: July 10 – 14, 2023

It wasn’t the best of weeks for dollar bulls as the U.S. currency found itself trailing behind the forex pack after seeing downbeat inflation data from the U.S.


Not only did these dampen hopes for future Fed rate hikes, but the weak CPI figures also allowed other lower-yielding currencies like the yen and franc to steal the safe-haven spotlight.

Missed the major forex headlines? Here’s what you need to know about last week’s FX scene:

open forex account

FX Weekly Recap: July 10 – 14, 2023

Market jitters ahead of the highly-anticipated U.S. CPI report kept the dollar rangebound early in the week.

It wasn’t long before risk appetite picked up on expectations of subdued inflation data, causing the safe-haven dollar to trend lower ahead of the actual release. The official figures even fell short of consensus estimates, sparking an even sharper USD selloff on Wednesday.

Another wave lower ensued after the PPI readings were printed the next day, as lower than expected producer price gains pointed to consumer inflation slowing much further in the coming months.

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments
NFIB Small Business Index improved from 89.4 to 91.0 in June, outpacing the consensus at 89.9, to reflect a pickup in optimism

Initial jobless claims fell further to 237K from earlier 249K figure vs. estimated 251K reading

Federal Reserve Vice Chair for Supervision Michael Barr said on Monday that a couple of more hikes are likely needed in 2023

U.S. Treasury Secretary Yellen met with Chinese officials in “direct and productive” discussions of economic and political issues

Preliminary U.S. Consumer Sentiment for July: 72.6 (64.5 forecast; 64.4 previous); short-term inflation expectations ticked up from 3.3% to 3.4%

EUR Pairs

The shared currency chalked up a mixed performance for the week, as the lack of major catalysts from the eurozone left it functioning mostly as a counter currency and arguably closing out slightly in the green.

FX Weekly Recap: July 10 – 14, 2023

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments

Italian industrial production rebounded 1.6% m/m in May, following earlier 2.0% decline and surpassing the estimated 0.6% uptick

ECB monetary policy meeting accounts pointed to the likelihood of another interest rate hike in July, thanks to optimistic growth outlook and upgraded 2024 inflation forecasts

🔴 Bearish Headline Arguments

Sentix investor confidence index slumped from -17.0 to -22.5 vs. -18.0 forecast in July, reflecting stronger pessimism among investors and analysts

German ZEW economic sentiment index tumbled from -8.5 to -14.7 vs. -10.7 forecast in July, eurozone ZEW economic sentiment index down from -10.0 to -12.2 vs. -10.2 estimate

Industrial production posted a bleak 0.2% m/m uptick in May, short of the estimated 0.3% gain

Germany Wholesale Prices for June 2023: -2.9% y/y (-4.1% y/y forecast; -2.6% y/y previous)

Euro area international trade balance for May 2023: -€0.3B (-€9.4B forecast; -€12.0B previous)

GBP Pairs

Sterling was also one of the weaker-performing currencies of the week as mixed jobs data and mostly downbeat mid-tier reports weighed it down.

Although GBP was able to score a pretty strong lead versus the dollar and Loonie, it looks poised to end in the red against the rest of its forex counterparts.

FX Weekly Recap: July 10 – 14, 2023

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments

BRC retail sales monitor accelerated from 3.7% to 4.2% y/y in July, short of the estimated 4.6% increase but still indicative of a pickup in retail spending

Average earnings index accelerated to 6.9% over the three-month period ending in May, outpacing the consensus at 6.8%. Earlier reading upgraded from 6.5% to 6.7%

May GDP report posted a smaller 0.1% dip in economic activity vs. estimated 0.3% m/m decline

Goods trade deficit widened from 14.6 billion GBP to 18.7 billion GBP vs. projected 14.9 billion GBP shortfall, as imports rose 4.2% m/m in May while imports fell 4.4%

Industrial production slumped 0.6% vs. 0.4% m/m estimated decline in May, manufacturing production down by 0.2% m/m

Bank of England Credit Conditions Survey for Q2 2023: The availability of secured and unsecured credit to households is expected to decline in Q3 2023 but remain stable for businesses.

CHF Pairs

The Swiss franc is currently in the lead this week, as the lack of major economic data seemed to work out in its favor.

Its only main rival for the top spot is the Japanese yen, as CHF/JPY moved gradually lower then sideways for the most part of the week before picking up on a strong uptrend during the latter half.

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments

Switzerland Producer Prices Index for June 2023: 0.0% m/m (-0.4% m/m forecast; -0.3% m/m previous)

AUD Pairs

The Aussie is arguably a net loser against most of its forex counterparts as improvements in business and consumer sentiment indices wasn’t enough to keep it in the green against most of the majors.

After a bit of a rocky start and some consolidation midweek, the commodity currency popped higher when the U.S. CPI came up short and eased some concerns about rising global borrowing costs.

But the addition of downbeat inflation and trade activity data from China may have drawn in more sellers than buyers, at least against the currencies who weren’t seeing massive selling press of their own this week.

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments

Westpac consumer sentiment posted 2.7% increase in July, a significant improvement over the earlier 0.2% uptick

NAB business confidence index climbed from -3 to 0 to reflect a shift away from pessimism in June

New loan growth accelerated in China to ¥3.05T in June (¥2.9T forecast) vs. ¥3.05T from ¥1.36T in May

MI inflation expectations unchanged at 5.2% in June, suggesting price pressures could remain anchored over the next 12 months

🔴 Bearish Headline Arguments

China’s headline CPI slowed from 0.2% to 0.0% y/y in June vs. estimated 0.2% figure, Chinese PPI fell by 5.4% y/y vs. 5.0% forecast and earlier 4.6% slump

Chinese trade surplus widened from $65.8B to $70.6B vs. $90.0B forecast, exports declined by -12.4% y/y in June (-6.1% y/y forecast; -7.5% y/y previous); the largest decline in over three years 

CAD Pairs

Next to the U.S. dollar, the Loonie also fell behind the rest of the forex gang during the week, even after the BOC hiked interest rates as expected.

Although there was a bit of hawkish tilt to their actual statement, the Canadian dollar was seeing red leading up to and after the event, and had trouble pulling up for the rest of the week.

The initial selloff correlated with the weak U.S. CPI release, so the bearish argument could be that because of their close geography/trading relationship.

Whatever the case may be, it was an awful week for Loonie bulls despite higher oil prices and net positive Canadian updates.

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments

Building permits rebounded by 10.5% m/m vs. 7.3% forecast in May, following earlier reading which was downgraded from -18.5% to -20.1%

BOC hiked interest rates by 0.25% from 4.75% to 5.00% as expected, keeping the door open for future rate hikes on stubborn inflationary pressures and upgraded economic forecasts

BOC Monetary Policy Report: The BOC forecasts inflation staying around 3% for the next year, and returning to the 2% target by mid-2025

During the presser, BOC Governor Macklem highlighted labor market tightness and willingness to keep hiking interest rates

Canada manufacturing sales for May 2023: +1.2% m/m (+0.8% m/m forecast; -0.1% m/m previous)

NZD Pairs

Even though the RBNZ delivered on its widely-expected rate hike pause for the month, the Kiwi still managed to maintain quite the lead against majority of its peers this week.

Its general bearish trend from the first half of the week turned a corner after the U.S. CPI was released. NZD raked in its largest gains versus USD and CAD while retaining small dents against JPY and CHF.

🟢 Bullish Headline Arguments

Food price index rose from 0.3% m/m uptick in May to a 1.6% gain in June, suggesting slightly stronger inflationary pressures later on

🔴 Bearish Headline Arguments

RBNZ kept interest rates on hold at 5.50% as expected, citing that “level of interest rates are constraining spending and inflation pressure as anticipated and required”

Visitor arrivals slowed further from a 16.9% m/m slump in April to a 27.5% drop in May

BusinessNZ manufacturing index down from 48.7 to 47.5 in June, reflecting sharper contraction in the industry

JPY Pairs

The lower-yielding yen took advantage of dollar weakness and yen-tervention jitters to end up in second place next to the franc this week.

Mid-tier economic data was actually downbeat, but yen bulls were charging early on, sparking a sustained uptrend for the Japanese currency for the first half of the week.

JPY was able to sustain its rally against the dollar throughout, but wound up returning a few gains to its other forex peers when the U.S. CPI triggered a risk rally.

🔴 Bearish Headline Arguments

Bank lending slowed from 3.4% to 3.2% y/y in June vs. estimated 3.5% figure

Current account surplus narrowed from 1.90 trillion JPY to 1.70 trillion JPY vs. 1.87 trillion JPY forecast in May

Economy Watchers sentiment index fell from 55.0 to 53.6 vs. 54.8 forecast in June, suggesting weaker optimism among workers

Core machinery orders slowed by 7.6% m/m in May vs. projected 0.9% uptick, erasing earlier 5.5% gain

Producer prices slumped from 5.2% y/y to 4.1% in June vs. 4.3% forecast, marking sixth consecutive monthly slowdown

Japan Industrial Production for May 2023: -2.2% m/m (-1.6% forecast; 0.7% m/m previous)

What is Forex?

Margin Trading Understand How Your Margin Account Works

US Dollar index hits two-month high on rising rate bets

Mega-cap tech stocks Apple, Amazon and Google remained underowned in Q1 – Morgan Stanley