MANAGE YOUR TRADES, MONEY & RISK
HOW DO YOU MANAGE YOUR FOREX TRADING?
Do you wing it, just sort of bopping along from this trade to the next, wishing for the best, hoping that ‘somehow’ this next trade will be different?
If you do, then you are in the normal category as most traders do this and get the same results.
It is no surprise when the next trade is no different from the last or the one before that.
Whether you are day trading Forex or long-term investing and holding with larger stops and a bigger picture outlook, you want to make consistent just like every trader does.
The only difference is; some traders manage the risks on every trade they make, they know exactly how many trades they have made this week or month, if they are falling into a potentially bad pattern that could start to cost them money if they are not careful, or another part of their trading they could exploit to make even further profits.
HOW CAN ONE TRADER KNOW SO MUCH MORE THAN ANOTHER?
Super simple… one trader is making trade after trade without a second thought, and the other is keeping a journal. This trader not only keeps a journal, but regularly reviews it to find out if there are patterns or regular occurrences they can benefit from.
Examples; does the trader make huge profits on the same trades and continually make loss after loss on the same pairs? How would a trader without a journal know this? The trader sitting down at end of the week or month can see the exact trades, types of trades, the market times, how and why they are taking and the list goes on.
FREE FOREX TRADING JOURNAL
Every serious trader needs their own trading journal as part of their risk management tools kit and here at Forex School Online we have created PDF and Excel example journal downloads you can signup and use as your own journals for FREE.
Just signup below and we will send them to your email for you to manage your Forex trades!
MANAGE YOUR TRADES, MONEY & RISK
Part 1: How to Read a Currency Quote
Forex trading is a form of commodity trading. In the commodity market traders buy and sell assets like oil or gold in exchange for currencies. In the forex (currency trading) market the assets bought and sold are currencies themselves. As a result, unlike in the commodity, each currency’s value is determined relative to another. For example, when the currency trader buys an ounce of gold, he must pay for it with the US dollar, which creates a quote in which the price of the metal is defined in terms of a currency which is another asset class. But when the forex trader buys or sells the Euro, he must pay for it with another currency (Australian dollar, Swiss Franc, etc) in which case the quote created has the same asset class on both sides. The result of this is that it is impossible to speak of absolute value in the forex market because it is possible to value the Euro in dollars, Francs, or Yen, each being a valid choice as a value indicator. In the case of stocks, or commodities, the value can only be indicated in USD; therefore it is possible to speak of an absolute value.
How to Read and Understand a Currency Quote
Upon downloading and opening the software of your chosen forex broker, the first concept that you will encounter is the forex price quote. The quote is simply the record of a previous transaction in which a currency pair changed hands. When two financial actors exchange currencies, the price at which the transaction occurred is called a quote.
In the above quote, the currency on the left side is the currency which was bought by us, while the one on the right is the one that we sold to finance our purchase. The number signifies the value at which the currencies were exchanged. Or to put it in a short and simple mathematical form, when we bought 1 Euro, the value of one Euro was equal to 1.35 USD, and we had to pay that much to buy the currency.
Upon executing the trade, we are now long the Euro, and short the dollar (we bought the Euro, and sold the dollar.), in other words, we have an open position; Consequently, we will wait for the value of the Euro to rise above 1.35, to for instance, 1.38, where we will be able to close our position by selling the Euro and buying back the dollars, and making a profit. Since our base currency is the dollar, our profit will also be measured in dollars. instant orders and pending orders
Let’s solidify this with an example:
We buy 1,000 EUR for 1,350 USD, with the quote at 1.35. We wait until the quote is at 1.38, when we close our position by selling our 1,000 Euro at 1,380 USD. Since our initial trade was worth 1,350 USD, the difference between 1,380 and 1,350, that is, 30 dollars, becomes our profit. Instant Orders Vs Pending Orders
Pips and Lots
Currency traders quote the value of a currency pair, and trade sizes, in pips and lots. A pip is usually the smallest amount by which the value of a currency pair can change, although these days some brokers offer fractional pip quotes too. Leverage
The smallest size in currency trading for professional traders is called a lot. For USD-based pairs, the lot size is 100,000. In other words, when you enter a trade with your margin account, the smallest amount that you can buy or sell is 100K, regardless of the size of your margin.
Margin and Leverage
Another important concept in currency trading is the twin phenomenon of margin and leverage. This is a concept that carries a high degree of risk, but since forex prices move very slowly (in terms of the actual change in value), the vast majority of traders leverage their accounts when engaging in short-term trading.
When you open a forex account, the broker will request that you deposit a small sum, known as margin, as insurance against the losses that your account may suffer. With this small sum, you’re able to control a much larger amount, enabling greater gains, but also greater losses than you would be able to achieve with your deposit. It’s easier to understand margin and leverage in the context of a borrowing process. The lots that you can trade are borrowed from your broker, who requires a margin deposit as an insurance against losses. The ratio between the funds borrowed by you, and the margin that you deposit as insurance is called leverage. Thus, if you set a leverage ratio of 100:1, enabling the trade of 1,000,000 USD with just 10,000 USD in deposit, but eventually trade just 100,000, the actual leverage that you would be using is 10:1. Note that leverage over 50:1 for majors and 20:1 for minors is not available to traders in the U.S.
In order to understand how to manage your account you must gain a good understanding of leverage. Failure to pay proper attention to leverage and margin may result in a margin call and the broker may liquidate your position in order to ensure that your losses do not reach a level where your margin deposit is insufficient to cover them. Increasing leverage = increases risk.
Forex Order Types
A market order instructs the broker to buy or sell a currency at the current market price. As such, neither the trader, nor the broker has any control over where the trade is executed. The only commitment that the broker makes is that the order will be executed as soon as possible, which is usually instantly. Consequently, it is a good idea to avoid market orders at such periods.
Signals in FX
By contrast, a limit order instructs the broker to execute a trade only when a particular price value is reached. On the other hand, the limit order facilitates better planning, reduces arbitrariness in trading decisions, and eliminates the dangers associated with sudden price spikes to the greatest extent possible. MANAGE YOUR TRADES
Naturally, the stop-loss order should be set in the direction opposite to where we expect the price quote to move. The execution of a stop-loss order, as with the limit buy or sell orders, is automatic.
The trailing-stop order is a relatively uncommon order type. In this case, the stop-loss order is renewed automatically by the trading software at intervals specified by the trader. When the price reaches 1.3550, our new stop-loss would be entered automatically at 1.345. When the price reaches 1.36, the new stop-loss would be at 1.35, ensuring a risk-free trade.
The take profit order specifies the price quote at which we would like our position to be closed, and profits to be realized.