Trading Forex: How does Forex Trading Work?

At the beginning of their trading career, many aspiring traders will have trouble wrapping their mind around how trading Forex works, or if it works at all. 

Forex Signals

Forex Signals

Trading Forex: How does Forex Trading Work?

Is it worth it to trade Forex?

Let’s start from the beginning.

The Forex Market and Central Banks

Forex is the market for currencies, as you should be aware by now, and currencies, unlike most other tradable assets, are economic tools, as much as they are economic indicators. Roughly speaking, if countries were companies, currencies would be their stock. Understanding how this can affect the economy will help you to understand how the Forex market works.


Momentarily, this causes a shortage in currency supply, and pushes the currency price up. Which is a good thing, right? Who wouldn’t want a strong national currency?

Well, not really.

AltShort term, this can lead to business expansions, increased household spendings and a growing economy.

Again, this sounds really good, right?

Well, again, not really. This is common to all capitalistic-type economies. National banks are continually trying to balance the scales by periodically raising and lowering interest rates.

Analysis is the Key

The two principal schools of market analysis are fundamental aalysis and technical analysis.

Fundamental analysis requires an understanding of international economics, and deals with factors as yet unaccounted for by the market. This school of analysis works for investing and long-term trading.

Crypro Signals

Crypro Signals

Technical analysis is a younger form of market analysis that deals only with two variables – the time and the price.

Whether you are drawing support and resistance lines, identifying key levels, applying technical indicators, or comparing candlestick formations – you are figuring out how online trading Forex works, without looking into causes for supply and demand.  It is the only thing available to quick-style traders like scalpers, who make their profit from the infamous daily volatility on Forex, rather than trend following.

The drawback is that it has already affected the market.

Fortune Favours the Prepared

They jump into the market full of hope, and the market spits them back out, disappointed and empty handed.

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Supply and Demand

In economics, supply and demand is a model that explains price formation in a free competitive marketplace

Let’s say you are out there one day doing grocery shopping. You need apples, and there happens to be only a single vendor with just the right amount of apples.

The next day, you are out there again to buy the same amount of apples, only now there are two vendors, both having the number of apples you need.

The amount of impact is directly proportionate to the trading volume per deal.

A Map of the Industry

There are plenty of fish in that ocean, from big to small, depending on their buying power. There are multi-billion leviathans like national banks, multinational companies, and hedge funds. Their monetary policy and trading decisions make the biggest waves, throwing prices off balance the most. Then there are the small players – financial brokers, smaller banks and smaller investors.

Most of the aforementioned market participants have direct access to the Forex interbank, which is the market place where all the currency exchanges occur. This means that they can trade with each other without having to go through middlemen.

The buying power of a casual trader is usually so small compared to the higher level traders, that they need a Forex broker or a bank to provide a financially leveraged trading account, and access to the market via trading servers.

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Trading Forex: How does Forex Trading Work?

How Does Trading Forex Work?

In Forex trading there is a bid and ask price. How does the spread work Forex trading? The spread is the difference between the bid and ask.

If you would like to learn more about Forex quotes, why not read our article ‘Understanding and Reading Forex Quotes’?

A trader receives quotes via the internet from the brokerage firm that provided the trading account for them. In turn, the broker firm receives price quotes from its liquidity providers – i.e. banks.

Generally speaking, the more liquidity, the tighter the spread, which is better for everybody. Usually, trading is ongoing, conducted smoothly, and liquidity is plentiful.

The rest is simple Forex mechanics. It is important to understand that a trader can place an order to sell a currency that they do not ‘own’.

Next, depending on trading strategies, a trader waits until the purchased currency grows in value, relative to the sold one.W. A reverse process takes place when a trader places a sell order.

Using Leverage in Forex Trading

Financial leverage is basically a boost for a Forex trader’s account. With the help of leverage, traders can enter trades with as much as 1,000 times more than their capital. Traders use leverage to get access to larger volumes than they are able to trade with.

Using leverage can multiply a trader’s returns. However, leverage is a double edge sword as multiplies potential losses by the same factor. You can find more information about how leverage works in Forex trading in our article, What is Leverage in Forex Trading?

Using Trading Signals in Forex Trading

Forex trading signals are recommendations for taking action on trades. However, Forex signals are by far the most common.

One example of a trading signal is the moving average.

Moving Average

For example, if we use a 30-day MA, the value will be the mean average of the price in the past 30 days. In other words, we sum up each of these 30 closing prices and divide them by 30. The moving average helps traders get a better understanding of price trends as the price fluctuates.

Using Robots in Forex Trading

 Stepping away and letting an automatic trading system do the work for you can be tempting. This is where Forex robots come into use. A forex robot is a digital program that operates based on a set of forex trading signals to determine whether or not to buy or sell a currency pair at a specific time.

Over time and with a sound trading and risk management strategy, it could become a new source of income for you.

Each pair differs in how it trades due to the underlying fundamentals of each currency.

One of the best pairs for a beginner trader to start with is the euro against the U.S. dollar (EUR/USD). This is because of its high liquidity and tight spreads. This is one reason this is the most traded currency pair in the market. You can also easily access the economic news that will affect these markets, so the EUR/USD pair can be a good choice if you wish to start trading forex with $100.

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For a beginner, it might be easier to think of a currency pair as an abstract financial instrument to which a price is assigned by the market.

How does Forex trading work in the UK?

Forex Trading Apps

These days, almost every service has moved online, including trading. Today, you can trade Forex from a trading app or web service 24 hours a day. How does a Forex trading app work? They work like any other app.

It’s available on desktop, web terminal and as an app for your mobile devices.

Trading Forex: How does Forex Trading Work?

EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, NZD/USD and USD/CAD, Gold, Oil and many many more..These are the three most traded currencies beside the US dollar. Minor pairs have a smaller market share compared to major pairs. Because of this they can exhibit lower market liquidity. Lower market liquidity will mean that a broker will give wider dealing forex spreads.

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